George Duke: The Inner Source (1973)

22 22725-1 album coverKronomyth 4.0: THE ISLAND OF LOST SOLUS. This double album is, in reality, two separate sessions recorded in 1971 that were originally intended to be separate albums called Solus and The Inner Source. Long story short, the original music label (SABA) changed hands a couple of times, eventually ending up back in the hands of its original owner at a newly started label, MPS. Recorded with the standing George Duke Trio (John Heard, Dick Berk) plus some extra horns and percussion, the recordings align with Duke’s short tenure in the Cannonball Adderly band (as Joe Zawinul’s replacement, no less) following his first stint with The Mothers. For some reason, MPS opted to interleave the recordings from both sessions, so the flavor of the two is now mixed together. The Inner Source is an important stage in Duke’s journey of self discovery—a pair of Rhodes trips where he explores the range of the electric keyboard in a variety of settings, from Coltrane meditations (“Peace”) to avant-garde (“Solus”) and Africana (“Nigerian Numberama”). To my mind, the stronger pieces are the more direct and melodic: “Feels So Good,” “So There You Go,” “The Inner Source.” “Some Time Ago,” popularized by Sergio Mendes, is another highlight, here re-imagined in a frothy Coltrane treatment. Otherwise, a lot of The Inner Source sounds like a cross between generic jazz (“Love Reborn”) and a Rhodes demonstration record (“Manya”). Those listeners interested in the journey of George Duke would do well to pick up a copy of The Inner Source, if they can find it at a reasonable price. Unfortunately, it hasn’t been released on compact disc yet, which may speak more to the condition of the original tapes than commercial interest.

Original 2LP Version
A1. Au-Right (3:27)
A2. Love Reborn (7:25)
A3. Peace (7:39)
A4. My Soul (4:37)
B1. Feels So Good (7:10)
B2. Manya (3:26)
B3. Sweet Bite (George Duke/John Heard/Dick Berk) (3:32)
B4. The Followers (5:15)
C1. The Inner Source (6:07)
C2. Life (George Duke/John Heard/Dick Berk) (5:39)
C3. Some Time Ago (Sergio Michanovich) (5:00)
C4. So There You Go (5:18)
D1. Solus (9:05)
D2. Nigerian Numberama (2:49)
D3. Twenty-Five (James Leary) (4:54)
D4. Always Constant (6:47)

All songs written by George Duke unless noted.

(Original Solus recordings are: A1/A2/A3/B4/C4/D1/D2.)

The Players
George Duke (keyboards, acoustic piano, electric piano, Wurlitzer piano, trombone), Dick Berk (drums, percussions), Luis Gasca (flugelhorn, trumpet), John Heard (amplified bassviolin, bass, electric bass), Armanda Peroza (congas), Jerome Richardson (flute, tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone) with James Leary (bassviolin on D3). Produced by Baldhard G. Falk; engineered by Ken Hopkins, Jim Gaies.

The Pictures
1976 reissue: cover design by Kroehl Design/Pepperle; photos by B.G. Falk.

The Plastic
Released on 2LP in 1973 in Germany (MPS/BASF, 33 20912-1) with gatefold cover.

  1. Re-issued on 2LP in 1976 in Germany (MPS/BASF, 22 22725-1) as part of the Encore! Series (Volume 6) with a different cover.

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